Dr. Andreas Kraushaar
Head of department
+49 89. 431 82 - 335
Characterization data for standardized printing conditions
What is a printing condition?
set of primary process parameters which describe the conditions associated with a specific printed output, associated with colorimetrical and/or densitometrical aim values.
For the purposes of colour management, a printing condition is fully characterized by giving the relationship between the CMYK digital input values (as stipulated in ISO 12642-2) and the corresponding measured colorimetric values.
Even under standard conditions, i.e. a suitable data preparation (i.e. one that accounts for the different strengths and weaknesses of the individual printing conditions) and a reproducible printing process that has minimal variations both within a run and between runs, it is practically not possible to hit a given set of primary parameters exactly. Differences due to typical production tolerances or due to differences in press, ink or paper are generally unavoidable and have to be accepted by the print buyer. On the other hand, for global data exchange and colour separation purposes, an elaborate colorimetrical characterization of every (standard) printing condition is required. Such data can be extracted from one or more prints that were produced under carefully and tightly controlled (nearly laboratory) conditions followed by mathematical correction procedure that is specifically designed to compensate for the differences remaining, i.e. zero tolerance toward given aim values). Such a fully characterized printing condition is suitable to evaluate and examine the colour gamut and should not be confused with the colorant description that only comprises colorimetrical definitions of the solids (typically CMYKRGB, paper and CMY).
Facilitating modern methods of electronic data manipulation it is possible, as described, to establish characterization data sets that fully reflect the aim values of a given set of primary process parameters. This allows both process control aims for printing operations (to be connected with a general printing condition) as well as colorimetrical aims for hard and Softproofing processes in the prepress arena to be in concert.
Most data are for commercial offset printing, while there is also data for continous form and screen printing. Some data are available in two different versions. The shorter one (without suffix or suffix "S") uses the ISO 12642-1 test chart (derived from IT8/7.3 comprising 928 patches) whereas the extended version (suffix "L") uses the ECI2002 test chart (1485 patches). This chart comprise all tone value patches of the before mentioned test chart.
As of FOGRA48 only the 1617 patches of ISO 12642-2 (-> IT.8/7-4) will be provided!
Any other subsets such as the 1485 tone value patches for the ECI 2002 target (also compatible with ISO 12642-2) or the 928 patches from ISO 12642-1 (IT.8/.3) can be derived without any error.
Furthermore you can find the aim values for the Ugra/Fogra Media Wedge CMYK V3.
The following table shows the recommended characterization data. Older
data should not be used anymore. Detailed descriptions for older data is available but is likely to contain outdated information.
|FOGRA50||Sheet fed offset +|
|PT1/2||A||B||printing based on FOGRA39|
|FOGRA49||Sheet fed offset +|
|PT1/2||A||B||printing based on FOGRA39|
|60/cm||INP (improved |
news print paper)
|FOGRA47||Sheet fed offset||60/cm-|
|Improved LWC paper||B||C||substitutes |
|FOGRA44||Sheet fed offset||NP(4)||PT4||F||F|
|FOGRA43||Sheet fed offset||NP(4)||PT1/2||F||F|
|Standard news print paper||C||D|
|MFC (machine finished coated)||B||C|
|SC (super calandered)||B||C|
|FOGRA39||Sheet fed offset||60/cm-|
|Continuous form printing||54/cm-|
|PT1, PT2, PT4|
|FOGRA30||Sheet fed offset||60/cm-|
|FOGRA9||Screen printing||30/cm||Colour gamut class 2|
|(1)||PT1 = Paper type 1 = 115 g/m2 glossy coated|
PT2 = Paper type 2 = 115 g/m2 matte coated
PT3 = Paper type 3 = 65 g/m2 LWC web offset
PT4 = Paper type 4 = 115 g/m2 uncoated white offset
PT5 = Paper type 5 = 115 g/m2 uncoated yellowish offset
|(2)||TVI curve CMY|
|(3)||TVI curve K|
|(4)||NP = non-periodic, 20 µm or 30 µm|
|(5)||Surface finishing of standardized printings with matt/glossy OPP laminating films|